Tanzania General Information

Tanzania Safety

Tanzania is a safe country to travel in.

Tanzanians are warm – hearted and generous people and are eager to help visitors get the most out of their stay. Hotels are safe and have watchmen. Tanzania is a politically stable, multi-democratic country.However, as in all countries, a little common sense goes a long way and reasonable precautions should still betaken, such as locking valuables in the hotel safe and not walking alone at night.

Tanzania Visa

You can now apply for an Online Visa to visit the United Republic of Tanzania (both Tanzania Mainland and Zanzibar).

You are required to fill in the online form, make payment, and submit your application online. Your form will be internally reviewed and processed.

Applicants will be notified through their e-mails whether their applications have been accepted or rejected. They may also TRACK their application statuses through the online system. Applicants may as well be required to visit the nearest Tanzanian Embassies or Consular Offices for interviews.

For online application visit https://eservices.immigration.go.tz/visa/start

Tanzania Weather & Climate

Tanzania has a tropical climate but has regional variations due to topography. In the highlands, temperatures range between 10 and 20 °C (50 and 68 °F) during cold and hot seasons respectively.

The rest of the country has temperatures rarely falling lower than 20 °C (68 °F). The hottest period extends between November and February (25–31 °C or 77.0–87.8 °F) while the coldest period occurs between May and August (15–20 °C or 59–68 °F).

Seasonal rainfall is driven mainly by the migration of the Intertropical Convergence Zone. It migrates southwards through Tanzania in October to December, reaching the south of the country in January and February, and returning northwards in March, April, and May. This causes the north and east of Tanzania to experience two distinct wet periods – the short rains (or “Vuli”) in October to December and the long rains (or “Masika”) from March to May – while the southern, western, and central parts of the country experience one wet season that continues October through to April or May.

The onset of the long rains averages 25 March and the cessation averages 21 May. A warmer-than-normal South Atlantic Ocean coupled with a cooler-than-normal Eastern Indian Ocean often causes the onset to be delayed.

Of the land area, 84.1% has a tropical wet and dry/ savanna climate (Aw), 6.9% has a semi-arid/ steppe climate (BS), 9% has a temperate/ mesothermal climate with dry winters (Cw).

Of the population, 80.5% live in a tropical wet and dry/ savanna climate (Aw), 9.5% live in a semi-arid/ steppe climate (BS), 10% live in a temperate/ mesothermal climate with dry winters (Cw)

Location Lat. Long. Alt. m(ft) Climate Biome Av. Temp. Precip.
Bukoba 1°20’S 31°49’E 1137 (3730) Subtropical moist forest 2144 (84)
Musoma 1°30’S 33°48’E 1147 (3763) 893 (35)
Mwanza 2°28’S 32°55’E 1140 (3740) 1119 (44)
Arusha 3°20’S 36°37’E 1387 (4551) Subtropical moist forest 873 (34)
Moshi 3°21’S 37°20’E 831 (2726) Subtropical moist forest 906 (36)
Same 4°5’S 37°43’E 872 (2861) Subtropical moist forest 603 (24)
Tanga 5°5’S 39°4’E 35 (115) 1327 (52)
Tabora 5°5’S 32°50’E 1190 (3904) As Subtropical dry forest 23 (73) 1010 (40)
Dodoma 6°10’S 35°46’E 1120 (3675) Subtropical thorn woodland 556 (22)
Zanzibar 6°13’S 39°13’E 15 (49) Am 26 (78) 1684 (66)
Dar Es Salaam 6°52’S 39°12’E 55 (180) As Tropical dry forest 26 (79) 1148 (45)
Mbeya 8°56’S 33°28’E 1707 (5600) Subtropical dry forest 944 (37)
Mtwara 10°16’S 40°11’E 113 (371) Tropical dry forest 1145 (45)
Songea 10°41’S 35°35’E 1067 (3501) Cwa Subtropical dry forest 21 (70) 1150 (45)
 Tanzania Average 5°23’S 36°6’E 844 (2769) As Subtropical moist forest 24 (75) 1107 (44)